SHEIKH MUSTAFA TURBEH

WHERE IS IT?

It's located on the corner of Visnjic and Brace Jugovic street, in the vicinity of Students' Square and the University of Mathematics.

WHAT DOES TURBEH MEAN?

The Turkish term ''turbe'' or ''tulbe'' is the name for an Islamic religious object which presents a covered tomb. It was usually built along with a mosque or on the cemetery for influential or reputable deceased Muslims.

THE HISTORY

The object was built in 1784 in the yard of a Khanqah. Khanqahs were Islamic religious objects which served dervish gatherings - members of mystic Islamic studies. They lived and performed rituals therein, which includes a dance known for its ecstatic state which is experienced through rhythmic spinning in a circle. Sheikh Mustafa's turbe was the tomb of dervish Sheikh Mustafa, but 2 other dervishes were buried there. The mosque and Turkish cemetery were located nearby, which covered a large part of the current Students' Park. With the departure of Ottomans from Belgrade, the cemetery disappeared and in its place was the headquarters of the government. Today, the district council of Crveni Krst is located there, as well as the city judge for offenses.

EXTERIOR

The turbe represents a hexagonal structure which ends with a hexagonal dome. It is 8.5 meters tall and is built of stone. The interior is decorated with writings from the Quran, while the center of the room has a covered coffin which marks a grave.

IMMOVABLE CULTURAL PROPERTY OF GREAT IMPORTANCE

The turbe on the corner of Visnjic and Jugovic street was placed under state protection by the Institute for the Protection of Cultural Monuments in 1946. It was in bad condition for a long time, but was completely restored in 2013 thanks to materials provided by the Turkish agency for cooperation and coordination. It was first opened to the public in 2013 for the cultural manifestation ''Night of Museums''. Beneath the rooms which house Crveni Krst today, there are still basements of Khanqah which were located along the course of Baba Visnja's street.

Witten by Ivana Pantović

Translated by Filip Šuica