SAVA GATE

WHERE IS IT?

The Sava Gate was located on the bank of the Sava, on the main southern road, and led to the Western suburbs and the Lower Town. It is located below The Victor monument and is close to a large gunpowder warehouse.

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WHY THE NAME SAVA GATE?

The Sava Gate was named after the Sava River. The Sava River was important for transportation at that time, so that is the reason why the gate was built in the first place.

THE HISTORY

The complex itself, which houses the gate, was built from the 14th to the 18th century, while the gate was built from 1740 to 1760 when the entire fortress was renovated to better defend the city from attacks from rivers. This gate was one of the best-preserved buildings in the entire Fortress. However, that changed when it was the target of the bombing of Belgrade in 1944, and on that occasion, it was completely destroyed. It is interesting that the gate served as a military facility, so there are barely any photographs or plans of it as a whole.

Sava Gate today Photo: Andrija Soković/Beotura

Sava Gate during WWI , Photo: Austrian national archive

During the reign of Stefan Dušan, the southern rampart was built, together with the southern gate. Later, the Austrian army upgraded and expanded this gate, so it was then called the Medieval Gate. However, in 1740, it was demolished as part of the Turkish reconstruction of the fortress, and then the Sava Gate was built on this place. During the Turkish rule, it was one of the 4 main gates through which one entered the city. It connected the city and the Sava River, which made it easier to get to the western parts of the Balkan Peninsula. During the First Serbian Uprising, in 1806, when the insurgents attacked Belgrade, they invaded the city through this gate. The doors of the gate were opened by Uzun Mirko and Ostoja Konda. Since 2004, there has been a memorial plaque at the site of the Sava Gate..

Photo: Andrija Soković/Beotura

EXTERIOR

Only certain sketches dating back to the Turkish period can tell us about the appearance of the gate. In appearance, the Sava Gate did not differ from other Turkish gates that were built in that period. There were three rooms around the gate, the purpose of which is not known because they suffered the greatest damage, it is speculated that these were barracks for Turkish soldiers, which additionally confirms the importance of the gate. It is built of hewn stone. According to the original plans, it was envisaged that there would be a water trench with a bridge in front of the gate, but it remains unknown whether that plan was realized. During the bombing in 1944, the gate was the target of an air attack, and then only the foot of the right pillar remained. During the 20th century, plans were made for the reconstruction of the gate. However, the reconstruction did not take place until 2009, when the entire right and the foot of the left pillar were reconstructed.

Written and translated by: Andrija Soković