The Islamic places of worship that were built in Belgrade were: mosques, masjids and musals. The mosque is a place for public prayer, which is invited by the muezzin from the minaret - a high tower that rises next to the mosque. Masjids and musals are places of prayer, smaller in size, and without public gatherings.
The first mosques were built in the Lower Town of the Belgrade Fortress by remodeling Christian churches. According to the earliest Turkish document from 1536, the number of mahalas / city districts was only four, as was the number of mosques. As early as 1571, the number of mahalas was 21, but it is not known how many mosques there were. At the beginning of the 17th century, the number of the number of mosques rose to 60. During the second Austrian siege of Belgrade, some mosques were destroyed, so according to the Austrian census from 1728, 17 mosques were found in Belgrade (and two more outside the fortified city) which were then repurposed.
Based on various sources and research, it is known that by the end of the 18th century there were up to 60 mosques and a smaller number of masjids. During the third Austrian siege of Belgrade 1789-1791. some mosques were demolished. in In the First Serbian Uprising, the remaining mosques were turned into buildings for other purposes.
In 1836, the Serbian authorities listed the mosques in Belgrade, and there were 16 mosques on that list. With the eviction of the Turkish population from Belgrade in 1867, the process of reducing the Islamic community and neglecting the Belgrade mosques began. Eventurally all the remaining Belgrade mosques were destroyed, except for one, the Bajrakli mosque in Dorcol distict.
Islamic architecture on the territory of Serbia belongs to the Ottoman architectural style.
Written by Nađa Veli